There is a time and place for diving into pages and pages of information. And there is a time and place for a one page summary.
After getting acquainted with CHDK, I felt there was a need for a 'Just the Basics' summary - something I could give a friend or colleague, along with my camera, and I could realistically expect them to read it and get CHDK working. I feel that 1 page is a good goal for this. The basic premise is provide just enough info to get started, a quick reference of common shortcuts, and links to where to go if needed.
So below is my One-page, Ultra-Quick Users Guide. NOTE: It does assume that CHDK has been successfully installed and setup (badpixels script has been run, and a few settings changed, as per 'Default Settings' section). To complement this Users guide, I think a One-page, Ultra-Quick Install guide could also be created, and may even have enough room left to 'sell' the features/benefits of CHDK, but that is for later.
Also note, I have uploaded this as a PDF. If I can figure out how to upload it as an editable document, I will (Wikia won't accept doc or rtf). File:CHDK Info Document v1.00.pdf
--Nosignal 23:31, September 17, 2009 (UTC)
This guide will get you started using CHDK. This guide assumes CHDK is already set up on your camera’s SD card. Think of CHDK like software, except it is run right on the camera! With a couple of button presses, you can access some astounding features usually only found on $1000+ cameras (and if you don't want them, turn the camera off and on, and they are gone). These features include:
- Shooting in RAW
- Fully manual Control of: exposure, shutter, aperture, ISO and focus
- Bracketing of exposure, aperture, ISO, and even focus
- Motion Detection
- Live Histogram
- Zebra Mode
This software is called CHDK, and detailed user guides can be found at:
- What is CHDK http://chdk.wikia.com/wiki/CHDK_in_Brief
- Basic Usage Info at http://chdk.wikia.com/wiki/CHDK_firmware_usage
- Detailed Usage Info at http://chdk.wikia.com/wiki/CHDK_firmware_usage/AllBest
- Detailed Usage Manual as PDF
- Detailed Usage Manual as PDF New? http://chdk.wikia.com/wiki/File:CHDK_UserGuide_April_2009_A4.pdf
- Quick Start User Guide as PDF
Loading the CHDK Software:
- Find the correct version of CHDK for your camera and unzip the distribution file (expanding folders) to your SD card.
- Put the camera into playback mode (not stills or movie mode).
- Turn on the camera by pressing the Playback button ( not the On/Off button).
- Push ‘Menu’, then scroll down to ‘Firmware Update’. Push ‘Set’ to select it.
- Push Right (Flash) to highlight ‘OK’, then push ‘Set’ to select it.
The CHDK should now load. NOTE: This is not actually a firmware update – when you turn the camera off and on again, the CHDK software will no longer be loaded.
Note: You can copy the CHDK software to another SD card if you like. However it will not work in another camera.
Intro to Using the CHDK Software:
Once CHDK is loaded (see above), the on-screen display information will be changed, and potentially the camera’s operations will change, depending on how CHDK has been set up (see ‘Default Settings’ below).
The main concept to understand when using CHDK is that to change its settings, you also need to use the buttons on the camera, but you cannot use the buttons both for CHDK and for the normal camera operations at the same time. Therefore, when it is first loaded, CHDK will be running (in the background as it were), but the camera buttons will affect normal camera operations – not CHDK. To change from ‘normal’ mode to ‘CHDK’ or ‘Alternative’ mode, push the <alt> button (the one with the printer icon). Now the text ‘<alt>’ should appear at the bottom of the screen, and the buttons will control CHDK instead. Note, this only works if CHDK has been loaded (see above).
When you are in <alt> mode, you can push the ‘Menu’ button and it will display the CHDK settings menu. You can navigate this menu with the directional buttons on the big circular button (ISO, Flash, etc) and push ‘Set’ to change things. Push ‘Disp’ to return to the previous menu. To exit the Menu, push ‘Menu’ again. There are many, many powerful options in the CHDK settings menu, most of which are self-explanatory, however, you can refer to the user guides listed above for more info.
If you are in <alt> mode and try to take a picture (i.e. push the shutter button), it will not work as expected. This is because in <alt> mode, the shutter button is designed to run a custom script instead. By default the script is empty, but you can load a new script under ‘Scripting’ in the CHDK settings menu. So the main thing to remember is that if you want to take a picture, turn <alt> mode off first.
Summary of Shortcut Keys (and Other Handy Ones):
- <ALT> + MENU – Displays the main CHDK menu
- DISPLAY Button -- Return to previous menu
- <ALT> + "+/-" - Toggle Saving Raw.
- <ALT> + SET or FUNC/SET – Display the Script menu
- Full Shutter press – Executes the selected Script
- Half Shutter + Left – Toggle Zebra on/off
- Half Shutter + Up – Toggle Histogram on/off
- Half Shutter + Right – Toggle OSD on/off
- Half Shutter + Down – Toggle Overrides on/off (IF "Disable Overrides" is ON or Disable).
- When in MF (Manual Focus) mode and in <ALT> mode,
- you may press the UP navigation button to instantly set MF (manual focus) distance to infinity.
- Press the DOWN navigation button to instantly set MF distance to hyperfocal distance (based on f/stop and zoom focal-length).
The CHDK software has been set up to do the following by default:
- Saving photos as Raw is turned off (they are 10mb each). Turn on/off RAW by running the CHDK software (see above), then when in <alt> mode (see Intro to Using the CHDK Software) simply push the +/- button. While in Raw mode, the word ‘DNG’ is displayed in the bottom-right corner, along with the number of Raw files that can fit on the card.
- When Raw is turned on, for each photo taken it will save a .jpg (a standard image) and a .dng (the Raw file) both with the same filename. It saves Raw images in the DNG file format, which is a standard format, and can be opened by software such as Adobe Photoshop and Lightroom, or free alternatives such as: Darktable, Raw Therapee and UFRaw.
- Show a live histogram, both while taking photos and while viewing existing photos. This help you gauge the distribution of brightness of pixels in the image.
- Show zebra stripes, both while taking photos and while viewing existing photos. This helps you avoid taking over-exposed photos - any area of the picture that is overexposed will have animated stripes running through it to warn you. Overexposure is where the brightness of the pixels is higher than the maximum, so these pixels appear pure white, resulting in loss of picture information. The easiest way to deal with overexposure is to decrease the exposure (in Photo mode, push ‘Set’ to get to the photo settings, choose a non-auto setting, then go to the +/- area, and decrease the setting from 0 (neutral) into the negatives (e.g. -1).